Noida Master Plan 2031 draft has been finally approved by the Noida Authority on March 29, 2011. This was done keeping in view the fast-changing developmental activities and aimed at attracting and encourage private investment into the city. The earlier Noida Master Plan 2021 was inadequate for this purpose.
Noida Master Plan 2031 was made after a new satellite image was procured and digitized and the necessary spadework was done for the draft master plan, which was prepared with the help of the NCR Planning Board.
With a few changes like the proposal for the Faridabad-Noida-Ghaziabad Expressway (FNG Road) through Sectors 150-152 and the residential areas proposed for allotment of plots to farmers, the Noida authority has implemented this new master plan.
The main features of the plan include the design concept, proposals regarding the integrated physical development of Noida up to Year 2031, and sub-divisional and zoning regulations.
The new master plan promotes public investment expenditure and employment-generating activities like small-scale industrial work opportunities, offices spaces, institutions, residential and commercial centres, IT parks, etc, to achieve integrated development of Noida and its environs.
The New Okhla Industrial Development Authority (NOIDA) was constituted under the UP Industrial Development Act of 1976, to ensure planned development of the area for industrial and allied uses.
Within the framework of the NCR Plan, Noida was given the status of a Delhi Metropolitan Area (DMA) town with an assigned population of 5.50 lakh by Year 2001. The NCR Planning Board had revised the regional plan in 2005 for the perspective year of 2021. A new regional plan for the NCR 2021 projected the population of Noida at 12 lakh and accorded it a status of Central NCR town.
Rama Raman, the CEO of Greater Noida Industrial Development Authority (GNIDA), says: “The development of Greater Noida and Yamuna Expressway Industrial area townships on a contiguous territory east of the river Hindon are likely to have far-reaching implications for the growth potential of Noida.”
This territory had become a hot bed of speculative activity in the 80s, when the development of Noida had begun to take shape. The speculators had intensified their activity in the area since they perceived that the area had a high developmental potential in view of its close proximity to Delhi, Noida, Ghaziabad, Faridabad and Gurgaon. The government of Uttar Pradesh, with a view to curb haphazard developmental activities in this high-potential area, decided to acquire about 70,000 hectares of land for planned urban development. For this purpose, the state government created the Greater Noida Industrial Development Authority (GNIDA) and later got a master plan prepared for the development of a new city, namely, Greater Noida for a population of three lakh to be achieved by the year 2001.
Greater Noida is also projected to have a population of 12 lakh by 2021. This city is also bound to expand in size with time, and being located in close proximity to Noida, will influence the development of the city.
Revision of the master plan
The UP government notified the entire area between river Hindon and Yamuna under Noida, covering nearly 20,316 hectare and 81 villages. In view of this decision, it was decided by the Noida authority to revise and amend the earlier master plan of Noida.
The task of revising the master plan was entrusted to a consultancy team of the School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi. While the revised plan was being prepared, it was felt that since a Noida-Greater Noida Expressway to link Noida with Greater Noida was proposed to be constructed, unplanned development, especially commercial, was likely to occur along the length of the expressway in the absence of a plan to control such development. Since the expressway traverses the entire notified area of Noida, it was decided to get a master plan prepared for the total area under the jurisdiction of the Noida authority.
Accordingly, the Master Plan of Noida for Year 2021 was prepared which was approved by the UP government in 2006. It was sent to the NCR Planning Board, which suggested a raise of the town density from the proposed 80 people per hectare to 150-200 people per hectare as per the policy of the NCR Regional Plan 2021.
Population Graph -
Noida is one of the fastest growing urban centres in India. Its growth during the last two decades also indicates that population projections cannot be made by any normal mathematical method.
Noida Master Plan 2021 projected 12 lakh as the population for 2021 on the basis of the NCR Regional Plan 2021. However, the primary census enumeration of 2010 shows that Noida’s population has already crossed 10 lakh in 2010. The population projection is made for the purpose of planning and allocating land for residential purposes, but this exponential growth has made population projections meaningless. The physical development of the whole of Noida may be completed by 2021, and almost the entire residential area would have been inhabited by 2031, by which time the population is estimated to touch 25 lakh.
In the view of city’s geographical and environmental conditions, it would not be feasible to have very high concentration of population in Noida. It is therefore proposed to keep population density in the already developed residential sectors below 500 people per hectare. Noida has planned a few sectors exclusively for group housing with high density of population and highrise buildings. In these sectors, about 400 hectares has been allotted for group-housing schemes with a density of population at the plot or scheme level as high as 1,650 people per hectare. This was a conscious decision of the Noida authority to make the best possible and viable use of the remaining residential land and to meet the increased demand for affordable housing in the NCR.
The sectors are proposed to be divided into two categories of population density; one above 500 people per hectare like Sectors 75, 74, 117, 118, 76, 77, 116, 115, 113, 112, 78, 107, 45, 168, 93B, 86, 143, 144, 151, 162, and 158, while the other below 500 people per hectare applicable to all the other residential sectors.
Large-size green areas in the form of public parks and playgrounds have been planned in most of these sectors where highdensity population is proposed. The development of infrastructure facilities and services would also be planned to accommodate the high density of population. Green buffers and supportive facilities will help in containing any adverse effect of the proposed high population density. The overall population density of the urban area is proposed to be 164 people per hectare (pph), which is well within the 150-200 pph category suggested for metro cities in the NCR in Regional Plan 2021, and also comparable with other towns.
Land use distribution -
The proposed land-use distribution for Year 2031 follows a distinct hierarchical order. The total proposed urbanizable area of about 15,280 hectares has been divided into sectors and facilities have been distributed across all the areas of the town.
It is expected that by 2031, when the population is projected to reach 25 lakh, the overall density of the town will be about 164 people per hectare, which is well within the general density standards envisaged in the NCR Master Plan 2021.
Alok Kumar Upadhayay
Real Estate Professional