Gurgaon-Manesar Master Plan-2031, which merged Gurgaon and Manesar, expands the existing city to create more residential units, social infrastructure like schools, hospitals, playgrounds, and physical infrastructure made Gurgaon-Manesar is one of the fastest growing cities in the country.
The new master plan will create accommodation for an additional 21 lakh people. This will bring in around 23,000 hectare additional land for development. In fact, as most of the land in Gurgaon was already developed, the new master plan has given a new lease of life to its development.
The new plan will also help in containing the prices in the city. In fact, in order to further improve the availability of a f f o r d a b l e houses, the Haryana government has also approved a ‘high density policy’ in its comprehensive housing policy. Under this policy, development authorities like the Haryana Urban Development Authority (Huda) will now be empowered to increase the density of population in group-housing projects.
At present, the permitted population density is 80-100 people per acre, which has been increased to 100-120 people per acre. Now, developers can build more housing units per acre than they could have done earlier.
In order to increase the land under residential and other commercial development, the new master plan has de-reserved the land earmarked for special economic zones. The new plan has earmarked 16,000 hectares for residential purpose and 1,600 hectares for commercial purpose, 4,600 hectares for industrial areas, and 4,400 hectares for transport and communication facilities. Public utilities have been allocated 600 hectares, public and semipublic facilities 2,000 hectares, and open spaces 2,900 hectares.
Several new sectors along Dwarka-Gurgaon Expressway like Sectors 95A, 95B, 89A, 89B, 88A, 88B, and 99A have also been proposed. These sectors are ideal for premium residential development.
The new plan has indicated that residential areas would be developed along the neighbourhood concept; that is, there would be an adequate provision for all community facilities and services within the sectors.
The new plan has also proposed to develop connectivity within the Gurgaon-Manesar area, and to Delhi as well. Besides having connectivity with Delhi through roads like the 150 metre-wide Northern Peripheral Road (NPR) and the 90 metre-wide Southern Peripheral Road (SPR), the plan also included three major roads connecting Delhi and Gurgaon like Vasant Kunj to MG Road, among others.
There is a plan to develop intra-city Metro system in Gurgaon; Sector 56 and Sikanderpur will be connected by a Metro line of 6.5km. A high-speed Metro service, Airport Express Link, between Sector 21 (Dwarka) and IFFCO Chowk (Gurgaon) has also been proposed.
The new master plan has also revised alignment of sector-dividing roads of Sectors 76-77, 84-85, 81-81A-open space, 92-open space, 92-93-94-95, and 112.
The road beyond Sectors 63A and 67A that ends up on Sohna Road will be extended. This road will work as a bypass of NH-8 in future and will relieve NH-8 and Sohna Road from heavy traffic congestion.
A 60 metre-wide road between industrial Sectors M3A and M4 will be further extended through the Aravali hills and the public and semi public zones along the KMP up to NH-8. This will create a great loop which will provide commuters an option to avoid travelling on NH-8.
Alok Kumar Upadhayay